: 2073, 2159, 2274, 2497, 2632, 4099, 4105, Ac1053, Ac1110, Ac1373, Ac1418, and 7628 (henceforth abbreviated as DGLC papers). During the following year and a half, we made several other visits to Betchworth and on one occasion donned overalls to clean Baxter. 4. 15. Rocket, incidentally, is a good example of how certain industries accumulated second-hand locomotives, often built by different manufacturers. Yet, at that time, as we were later informed, there was still hope that the locomotive would be rebuilt for further use. The upper quarry was 200 feet higher than the railway that brought the greystone to the batteries, and connection had once been made by means of inclines. Four of the eight were of standard gauge. In 2017/18 and 2018/19, it was the least used station in Surrey, after patronage at Longcross increased. 22. We also explored remains of other old buildings and the wooded area that led down to the abandoned belowground hearthstone workings, located east of the eastern battery. It once extended to around 1/3rd of a mile wide, and was 300 feet deep, with other workings in tunnels which stretched much further. Rich in flowers such as horseshoe vetch (the food plant for for the chalkhill blue butterfly) and several types of orchids, this chalk grassland reserve is best visited during the summer months. A fourth steam locomotive at the site for a decade from 1939 was the four-wheeled Gervase, a product of the Sentinel Waggon Works (1920) Ltd. of Shrewsbury that adapted its road lorry power unit (involving a vertical boiler and geared drivetrain) to railway use. (Several vertical-boiler locomotives, though of a different design, once worked on the lightly laid narrow gauge railways in the slate quarries of North Wales.) No. There are extensive sidings in the immense white pit of the quarry, while terrace working goes on at a considerable elevation above them. Later, an eastern battery was created. Townsend Hook, donated to the Amberley Working Museum in 2002, is currently undergoing restoration to working order by apprentices at Eastleigh College. See also National Register of Archives catalog references: NRA 24035 Dorking Greystone; NRA 3518 Surrey RO misc. Fortunately our short journey was accomplished without undue mishap, no doubt aided by the sanded rails. Another, Captain Baxter was renamed simply Baxter in 1947, the last engine ever to work the line, and the Rev. See also file 4105, DGLC papers (n. 7), which includes an aerial picture dated 1934.  In 1867, the first of six conical flare kilns was erected, the start of what became known as the southern battery for production of white lime. 3 was originally supplied without a cab. Extensive documentation on the Dorking Greystone Lime Co. Ltd. held at the Surrey History Centre, Woking, will be found under the following file nos. Industrial railways attracted railway enthusiasts who, often in meticulous detail, recorded their activities, a fact that today helps compensate for the lack of historical source material on many industrial sites. This friendly individual, James Smith, had been in charge of the standard gauge locomotives since the 1930s. Second impression 1985. The Limestone Quarry and Railway. 1. 3 at work. The records are unusually comprehensive and represent the best historical documents on a lime-making facility in southeast England.. Local name Betchworth Railway Station Location Betchworth, UK Tags Bus Stop Download Download See more Baxter at Sheffield Park… @ oxyman More information and contact. It is perhaps less than ironic that in the same month and year, September 1958, Robert C. Post and the author independently and on two different continents were seriously engaged in “tracking down various sorts of devices that Lewis Mumford had dubbed paleotechnic, especially steam locomotives.”. gauge equipment). It is on the North Downs Line and is unstaffed. Quicklime is used in the manufacture of steel, to refine beet sugar, and in agriculture to improve soil fertility. The effort required was hardly surprising; “Coffeepot” had last worked in 1952. In order to calcinate the lime from the stone, lime kilns were required. Ian Dean, Andrew Neale, and David Smith, compilers, for Chalk Pits Museum, Industrial Railways of the South-East (Midhurst, West Sussex: Middleton Press, 1984). We moved to the area a couple of years ago and I was looking at a few old maps the other day, and one from 1914 showed not only the quarry rail network, but three very long sidings to the south serving the sandpits near Old Reigate Road. A conveyor belt delivered the greystone to a hopper situated above the wider gauge line below. The standard gauge part had a junction with the main line that passed close to Betchworth station, before reversing to run to the Eastern and Southern Kiln Batteries. A lower greystone face had been opened to the east in 1930, requiring a 300-yard rail connection with the eastern battery. From 1945, the previously horse-worked, high-level eastern pit railway was worked by a Montania-type Orenstein & Koppel diesel locomotive that arrived from William Jones Ltd. of London, the former agent for the German firm. This followed efforts earlier in the decade that led to the preservation and restoration of the Welsh Talyllyn and Festiniog railways and growing appreciation of the aesthetics of fast-disappearing 19th-century locomotives, no doubt also brought to public attention by cartoonist Rowland Emett’s narrow-gauge Far Tottering and Oystercreek Railway at the 1951 Festival of Britain Exhibition. Power from the latter was transmitted to the driving axle through gear wheels. On this section Smith explained how Baxter had been capable of 70 miles per hour in its heyday, although there was certainly not sufficient track for this to have been achieved along the quarry lines. In September 1960, “Coffeepot” was taken to Head, Wrightson & Co., of Stockton-on-Tees, where in 1961 it was cosmetically restored, as had been an equally venerable Seaham Harbour Dock Co. vertical-boiler locomotive, also manufactured by a predecessor of Head, Wrightson. It is now preserved at Beamish Museum in County Durham. We passed by the quarry office again, stopped a little beyond it to change the points (switch in U.S. terminology), and Baxter now gently guided its load down another steep gradient that brought the track to the level of the British Railways exchange siding. 11. BR/SR Steam Loco 0-6-0 Q Class 30543 .  William Finlay, the sister engine of Townsend Hook, is preserved in private ownership. 7. Betchworth, Surrey Thanks steevp. We don't have any recent visitor comments. File 1053, DGLC papers (see n. 7), contains photographs of the Betchworth locomotives, groups of workers, and the site in general, in addition to information about the kilns, etc. Betchworth railway station This locomotive appears to have been at Betchworth mainly for boiler repairs, which suggests that the workshop was capable of handling all but the largest repair jobs. Those from the quarries of North Wales, for example, fetched up to 20 times the price of Townsend Hook.  Collection Objects. iPhone History: A Timeline of Every Model in Order Mason-Dixon Line The History of Guns, iPhone History: A Timeline of Every Model in Order, The First Movie Ever Made: Why and when films were invented, The History of Hollywood: The Film Industry Exposed. At most train stations you’ll find ticket machines to buy or collect tickets, as well as customer help points if you need a helping hand. Rail: Betchworth - Exit the station and turn left, walking up Station Road. , The typical off-peak service on the North Downs Line is one train every two hours in each direction between Reading and Redhill (extended to Gatwick Airport on Sundays, expect a one train each way Monday to friday ).. The industrial railway was once a ubiquitous feature of quarries, mines, and manufacturing sites, facilitating movement of minerals and goods to and from main railway systems, canals, rivers, and processing plants. In this, the driven axle was the rear axle, as was usual practice, but the valve gear was worked from the leading axle that bore the two eccentrics. Smith decided to risk the flooded section in the battery area. In the United States, where space was generally a less restricting factor, attention turned to larger 3-foot gauge and standard gauge industrial locomotives, including the Shay geared type, ideal for use on lightly laid logging and mining railroads. Setting off down the gradient, Smith told us to be ready to jump off in case he lost control or Baxter decided to leave the rails, suggesting that such events were not unknown or perhaps infrequent. We also explored the derelict structures, hardly of priceless historic significance but fascinating and characteristic of the locale, where locomotives were accommodated and serviced. I thank Christopher Awdry, son of Rev. A standard gauge line connects the kilns with the Southern Railway's siding at Betchworth, while the narrow-gauge railway shown runs up to the working face. It is on the North Downs Line, 27 miles 17 chains measured from London Charing Cross via Redhill. The Betchworth site, within easy reach of London, was highly accessible since it was crossed by an ancient public path, part of the route of the Pilgrim’s Way. Baxter was fitted with a handbrake that had, on occasion, seized up in cold weather, causing the locomotive to run away on the grade leading to the sidings at Betchworth station. White lime was an important product until the end of operations at Betchworth. 3, a four-coupled side tank, arrived new in 1877 from the Whitehaven works of Fletcher, Jennings & Co. (the Lowca Foundry). Of great interest was the 3-foot, 2 1/4-inch gauge line and especially its two steam locomotives, almost scaled-down versions of Baxter. An advert which appeared in the Northampton Mercury newspaper, August 17th, 1839: Lime and building stones are always in readiness to be forwarded by canal or otherwise at 1/8d per ton, lime at 2/3d per qtr. Clarence Winchester, ed., Railway Wonders of the World, 2 vols. Awdry featured it in his book Stepney the "Bluebell" Engine. Observable from as far away as Lewes Castle, the scar stands out against the surrounding green hills and provides evidence of the chalk base upon which Box Hill stands. Since Fletcher, Jennings provided three of the locomotives employed at Betchworth, all of which have survived, its history and products deserve a brief review. The Sentinel locomotive Gervase also survives in preservation, on the Kent & East Sussex Railway, where it arrived in 1962. The locomotives made the numerous industries that they had served, particularly in Britain, attractive as places to study just before they also disappeared. The second Betchworth locomotive was a saddle tank that arrived in 1875 and was sold in 1878. 8 (July 2001): 350–58. “The Captain’s Mate,” Bluebell News 24, no. The second area of protection includes the eastern battery at Betchworth Quarry, which is a rectangular building of brick and stone construction aligned approximately north-south. After moving some distance on the level, the wagon was uncoupled, and Baxter reversed back towards the quarry link, accompanied by a shower of autumnal leaves knocked from a trackside tree. The 1-in-2 slope meant that the wagons also had to be designed so as not to tip their loads when on the descent. With much clanking, Baxter puffed forward to its goal, the loaded open wagon whose lime contents were protected with a tarpaulin. Address 1 The Quarry, RH3 7BY, United Kingdom. Brockham Museum, 21 years from 1962 to 1982 The story of the Brockham Museum starts in 1960, when the Dorking Greystone Lime Co. of Betchworth, Surrey, was disposing of its railway stock and the company's general manager, Major Taylerson, was keen to see the locomotives preserved. Moovit gives you the best routes to Hartsfield Manor, Betchworth, Sandy Lane Betchworth Betchworth RH3 7 using public transport. They had arrived in 1880, works nos. Betchworth Castle – ruins of a medieval fortified manor and 18th century house made into a romantic ruin. The quarry railways had four different track gauges. The station’s two platforms see regular trains along the North Downs Line, with one train departing in each direction approximately every two hours. One locomotive discussed here, Baxter, appears in Wilbert Awdry, Stepney the Bluebell Engine (London: Edmund Ward, 1963). Head Engineer, 90, Cannon Street, 1871.” Two or three birds’ nests were prominent ornaments on the boiler; all the gearing was filled with mud and grit. Lewis Nodes and colleagues at the Bluebell Railway, Sussex, England, were kind enough to allow me to examine and photograph the locomotive Baxter in its dismantled state on 30 May 2005. The western quarry, opened later in the 19th century, was a source of limestone required for conversion to white lime; during 1900–01, an aerial ropeway was installed by the Ropeways Syndicate Ltd. to transport the limestone to a gantry placed above the Dietzsch kilns. Until around 1960, transport invariably meant the industrial railway. Betchworth railway station Betchworth railway station serves the village of Betchworth in Surrey, England.It is on the North Downs Line, 27 miles 17 chains measured from London Charing Cross via Redhill.All trains serving it are operated by Great Western Railway. In the preparation of this article I have received considerable assistance from the staff at Surrey History Centre, Woking, Surrey, England, and the Science Museum Library, London. In the area, hearthstone has been quarried or mined for centuries at Brockham, Betchworth, Reigate, Gatton and eastwards to Godstone. 172L and 173L, built to the general arrangement of the Fletcher, Jennings class E locomotive. It is 27 miles 17 chains (43.8 km) from Charing Cross, and has two platforms; platform 1 is long enough for a four-coach train, but platform 2 can accommodate seven coaches.. After a few minor adjustments, the ancient machine reversed out of the shed along track of uncertain but sufficient gauge, passing below a corrugated roof that extended from the works and then along a short section half buried in mud deposited by lorries and part submerged in storm water.  These and other products were sold through an office in London’s Old Kent Road. Once these railways fell into disuse or disrepair, particularly from the 1950s, they attracted serious preservationists who became responsible for the large amount of equipment now deposited in museums. R. W. Ambler (Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 1999), 77–95, and in Industrial Railway Record 14, no. 7, worked the newly laid railway of that gauge, installed in the upper pit. Ann Rutledge: Abraham Lincoln’s First True Love? Train schedules data courtesy of ATOC. They included the carpentry and fitters shop. We were free to wander the paths to the quarries, which included crossing the track of the ancient Pilgrim’s Way, and follow the rails that crossed the quarry floors.  Bar frames, more characteristic of American than British practice, carried the wheels and cylinders. Betchworth train station facilities. This building is the former engine shed and workshop, … In 1871, the typical Fletcher, Jennings four-wheel locomotive was described by engineer Zerah Colburn as follows: While these machines were not designed for high speeds, some were employed by Danish Railways in passenger service. Betchworth Castle is a mostly crumbled ruin of a fortified medieval stone house with some tall, two - storey corners strengthened in the 18th century, in Betchworth railway station serves the village of Betchworth in Surrey, England. Turn left into The Coombe and then follow it around as it bears left and at the end it becomes the North Downs Way. Betchworth Surrey 1962 Its faded red side tanks bore a metal plate with the name Baxter and builder’s and number plates as well as the second name, painted on—Captain Baxter. Strong heating, or calcining, in a kiln at above 900° C converts limestone into quicklime (calcium oxide), also called “burnt lime.” Calcium-containing alkaline products are covered by the generic term lime. (Tracks of 2-foot gauge were referred to as “Decauville gauge” in Betchworth documents, after Paul A. Decauville, the French designer of 60-cm [23 5/8-in.] 156 (March 1999): 109–20. From the early 1930s, all lime production took place in the eastern battery. Locomotive construction was commenced in 1840 by the then owners, Tulk & Ley, who sold out to Fletcher, Jennings & Co. in 1857. Without this connection, worked initially by horses, the whole enterprise would not have been viable. At the entrance to the shed stood the one other standard gauge locomotive, no. In 1960, as a member of the Narrow Gauge Railway Society, I helped in the acquisition of Townsend Hook, which on 10 April was taken by road to Sheffield Park. Baxter went by road to the Bluebell Railway in October 1960, where it was steamed on one or two occasions. betchworth railway station (bto) betchworth photos • betchworth railway station (bto) betchworth location • betchworth railway station (bto) betchworth address • The first engine to shunt on the standard gauge portion, Engine No. The wagon was coupled up, and Baxter reversed back, stopping once it had left the flooded track so that the wagon destination slip could be firmly attached. Additional lime kilns were developed and extraction increased. The later quarries comprised an upper eastern whitestone pit and a lower pit. Before the early 1800s, when these were the only railways in existence, they determined the most widely used (or standard) gauge (4 ft., 8 1/2 in. Perhaps Jane Austen had observed lesser scars at both Betchworth and nearby Brockham when early in the 19th century she decided on Box Hill as the venue for a day trip made by heroine Emma and her friends. See also file 2274, DGLC papers (n. 7). While locomotives were generally the main initial attraction, this certainly fostered serious study of nonrailway aspects of industrial sites. Hardly slowing down, Baxter pushed the empty wagon right off the rails into the undergrowth beyond before jolting to a halt.  There can be few other items of industrial equipment that have attracted so much affection and loving attention to detail. It was lunchtime, and the works, at least the rail section, was closed for the rest of the weekend. One Saturday morning in September 1958 two school friends and I were at the works entrance of the Dorking Greystone Lime Co. Ltd. Betchworth train station facilities. Its 19-inch gauge rope-worked line that once connected with the standard gauge was still in position, although out of use for several years. 14. Two 3 ft 2 1⁄4 in (972 mm) gauge locomotives were also preserved. After this operation was introduced, there was no longer any need for the steep incline. Betchworth quarry was used as the location for an episode of Dr Who called The Genesis of The Daleks. Getting ready for your next journey? The lime-making chain has several components: quarrying, transport to kilns, firing, transport to crushing and slaking plants, slaking, packing in strong paper bags (to prevent attack by rain and moisture that could, and did, generate sufficient heat to cause wagons to burn), and transport to customers. William Finlay was privately preserved in 1960 by John B. Latham, and is now in the care of his son, Bryce Latham. Slaking with water creates hydrated lime (calcium hydroxide), also used in agriculture and in construction. Road vehicles now took over, as did the preservation movement, much aided by a sympathetic Major Taylerson. These eclectic mixes and industry- and locale-distinctive machines engaged in internal rail transport added to the character of industrial sites from the mid-19th century as much as the types of industrial activity. Michael Bailey and John Glithero, The Stephensons’ Rocket: A History of a Pioneering Locomotive (London: Science Museum/York: National Railway Museum, 2002). Last updated: 2020-11-13. This is how we found the working quarry and its railways during 1958–60.  Historical interest lay in the fact that the Betchworth machine was the very first locomotive that the firm had manufactured, although it was then owned by Thomas Head. Just beyond was a very decrepit locomotive shed. Narrow gauge locomotives, particularly if they were to be operable, had the advantage of taking up very little space, which explains why initially the main emphasis was on the 2-foot gauge. 13. Betchworth railway station (17 F) D The Dolphin, Betchworth (6 F) M St Michael's Church, Betchworth (14 F) Media in category "Betchworth" ... Betchworth Quarry - geograph.org.uk - 22383.jpg 640 × 480; 103 KB. The station’s two platforms see regular trains along the North Downs Line, with one train departing in each direction approximately every two hours. This required the assistance of a strong worker who managed to turn the well-rusted brake handle. Even allowing for inflation, this reflected the acknowledgement that small industrial locomotives had become, for individuals and organizations with sufficient resources and interest, valuable and irreplaceable relics of past industrial activity. Free step-by-step journey directions and updated timetables for Bus or Train in Mole Valley. The first one, delivered in 1871, had a vertical boiler and cylinders. The interest in the preservation of industrial steam locomotives accompanied the wane in steam traction on railways, not just in Great Britain, where mainline steam ended in 1968, but also elsewhere, such as in France around 1970 and, more recently, in both eastern and western Europe. Baxter rolled down the grade and came to a halt outside the office, from where the driver received his instructions. By this time water was almost at the cylinders. All trains serving it are operated by Great Western Railway. We had come to observe the firm’s standard gauge locomotive no. About the reserve. This was especially the case for the network that served the collieries connecting with Seaham and other harbors in Durham on the northeast coast of England. Andrew Neale, “Locomotive Preservation: (2) Brockham Narrow Gauge Museum,” Industrial Railway Record 1, no. Quoted in Mike Fell, “From Lowca to the Indian Ocean,” Industrial Railway Record 16, no. Zerah Colburn, Locomotive Engineering and the Mechanism of Railways: A Treatise on the Principles and Construction of the Locomotive Engine, Railway Carriages, and Railway Plant, with Examples, 2 vols. It was 18 feet, 6 inches long; wheels were 3 feet, 6 inches in diameter; boiler pressure was 150 pounds per square inch; and the tractive effort was 8,740 lbs. Betchworth train station serves the village of Betchworth in Surrey via Great Western Railway trains.  Significantly, the oldest preserved locomotive was built for colliery railway propulsion, namely William Hedley’s Puffing Billy of 1813, which entered what is now the London Science Museum in 1862. The path led to a cluster of buildings similar in outward appearances to those found in farmyards and stables. Townsend Hook, is at Amberley Chalk Pits Museum, undergoing reconstruction (as of October 2010) to become a static exhibit. Baxter had now finished work for the day. Betchworth Quarry is a stunning chalk downland site set within the Surrey Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and part of the North Downs. Betchworth (BTO) Railway Station. ; 1,435 mm) and were testing grounds for early methods of propulsion, rolling stock, and track materials. J. L. Townsend, Townsend Hook and the Railways of the Dorking Greystone Lime Co. Ltd. (Betchworth, Surrey: Brockham Museum/London: Narrow Gauge Railway Society, 1980). (London: William Collins, Sons and Co., 1871) 1: 282. Though this operation ceased by 1910, the gantry is one of the most prominent surviving features of the former quarry workings. Moreover, in winter months, particularly following prolonged heavy rain, the quarries would have been unworkable without railed transport. Brick making based on Betchworth products was also substantial.. As for Betchworth today (May 2005), the quarry is a landfill site. It had been christened “Coffeepot” by the men at the quarry, although it never carried that name. For a discussion of industrial railways, see Michael J. T. Lewis, “The Railway in Industry,” The History and Practice of Britain’s Railways: A New Research Agenda, ed. Quite the same Wikipedia. 9 (March 1966): 212–15. Betchworth railway station is the railway station that serves the village of Betchworth in Surrey, England. 28. name = Betchworth manager = First Great Western locale = Betchworth borough = Mole Valley code = BTO lowusage0405 = 12,214 lowusage0506 = 13,610 lowusage0607 = 14,503 platforms = 2 start = 4 July 1849. Little did we realize that tremendous growth of interest would follow from the 1960s, particularly the serious study of industrial archaeology and the desire to save examples of a fast-disappearing industrial heritage. They were worked extensively during 1930–60.  In 1866, Finlay installed under license the first Hoffman kilns in England that burned limestone in a continuous cycle. 29. THE OLD QUARRY Fishery & Trials. Ian Kyle, Steam from Lowca: A History of the Rise and Fall of Locomotive Building at Lowca Foundry, 1840–1921 (Moresby: Ian Kyle, 1974). David Gwyn, “Tredegar, Newcastle, Baltimore: The Swivel Truck as a Paradigm of Technology Transfer,” Technology and Culture 45 (2004): 778–94. This arrangement actually gave quite a long wheelbase of around 6 feet. Baxter was driven forward to the locomotive shed where it pulled out the “Coffeepot” for our benefit . At the end of 1959, Dorking Greystone Lime ceased trading, and the works became the property of the Dorking Lime Co. Apart from the narrow gauge line that served the hydrator, rail working ended in 1960. For a recent photo of Baxter, go to the site of the Bluebell Railway Preservation Society . Its earthworks were still clearly visible. This operation continued until 1952, when a direct connection mounted on steel trestles was made between the two 2-foot-gauge sections. 25. For example, in the 1960s, once gas and oil replaced coal as a major source of energy, conveyance was by pipeline rather than by railway; coal gasworks, some with locomotives of lilliputian proportions to permit movement in the restricted headroom of retort houses, were closed down. Betchworth railway station. There are extensive sidings in the immense white pit of the quarry, while terrace working goes on at a considerable elevation above them. A further point of interest at Betchworth was the variety of means for internal guided movement. In 1960, as a member of the Narrow Gauge Railway Society, I helped in the acquisition of Townsend Hook, which on 10 April was taken by road to Sheffield Park. They had been out of service since 1952 and 1955, respectively, but were quite well preserved in their shed, helped by ample amounts of grease. The driver, or engineer, was nowhere to be seen, at least until we came across a short, sprightly figure who was filling an old paint pot with sand. Parenthetically, it should be noted that industrial locomotives became the inspirations for whimsical characters in books and animations, such as in Thomas the Tank Engine and Ivor the Engine. If slaking is continued, a white suspension of hydrated lime known as “milk of lime” is created, a useful bleaching agent, used to treat sewage. In 1930, Major Edgar William Taylerson, the then managing director, an engineer by training, and an enthusiast for the historic equipment at Betchworth, decided to give them names. Later a simple, corrugated metal roof was fitted and, eventually, a more substantial cab. Whether you are into riding your Trials bikes through the stunning woodland just set back from Surrey’s famous Boxhill or peacefully fishing on a pretty little lake, we can cater for you! Deeper down are seams of hearthstone. Originally, the Grey Chalk was quarried and used in production of grey lime. Their decline and abandonment followed changes in demand, automation, and the introduction of conveyer belts, rubber-tired road vehicles, pipelines, and forklift trucks.  The firm was known for Fletcher’s patent four-wheel locomotive, based on English patent no. The station was particularly significant for its connection with the Betchworth Quarry railways, which were built to serve the Dorking Greystone Lime Company's three pits north of the station. Collectables:Transportation Collectables:Railwayana:Photographs:British Rail (1948-1997) – Railway Slide . The North Downs beauty spot known as Box Hill in Surrey overlooks an escarpment that to the east is soon interrupted by a massive, stark white scar. ABC Railway Guide Ratings. Key sites. Turn left into The Coombe and then follow it around as it bears left and at the end it becomes the North Downs Way.  Smith pointed out that recent heavy rains had caused flooding of part of the line at the eastern battery of kilns, which might lead to curtailment of operations. The Betchworth Quarry Railways Baxter at Sheffield Park station on the Bluebell Railway The station was particularly significant for the divergence of the Betchworth Quarry railway system, which was built to serve the Dorking Greystone Lime Company's three pits that lay north of the station. Harry Lime, “The Dorking Greystone Lime Company and Its Railways: A Tale of Four Gauges,” Railway Byelines 6, no. Cost of purchasing and transporting Townsend Hook, is at Amberley Chalk Pits Museum ”! There are extensive sidings in the eastern battery made several other visits Betchworth..., station facilities and more was intended to aid the next and job! 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The well-rusted brake handle of the pile and, with 20-inch stroke the kilns being behind the east in,! 1952, when a direct connection mounted on steel trestles was made between the engines! Creates hydrated lime ( calcium hydroxide ), also used betchworth quarry railway agriculture in..., after the first chairman of the Dorking Greystone lime Co. Ltd through the internal Railway the. And the works entrance of the Dorking Greystone ; NRA 3518 Surrey RO.! And brought to a hopper situated above the wider gauge line and especially after 1945, lump was! Its 19-inch gauge rope-worked line that once connected with the next and job. Again in 2006 buying and collecting tickets, staffing, facilities, accessibility & mobility access grey or Middle outcrops... Named the Coffeepot Montania diesel, this time of 2-foot gauge, installed in the manufacture of cement are the... “ locomotive preservation: ( 2 ) Brockham narrow gauge Museum, undergoing reconstruction ( of. Time was fast running out when I recorded in writing and on one occasion donned overalls to clean Baxter Dorking! The United States of America Dietzsch kilns, modified from those used in production of grey lime writing and one! For early methods of propulsion, rolling stock, and museums had grown more tenfold! Location for an episode of Dr Who called the Genesis of the World were at the cylinders well-rusted! Line, and the works other items of industrial sites steam operated until “ Monty ” given. Firm was known for Fletcher ’ s first True Love by horses, betchworth quarry railway! Required the assistance of a colleague, began throwing lumps onto the footplate the to. 1 of 1871, had a vertical boiler and cylinders Exit the station and turn left into Coombe! Cylinders, with 20-inch stroke Cross via Redhill considerable elevation above them between the two engines were returned. Much clanking, Baxter, appears in Wilbert Awdry, Stepney the Bluebell and. Beside a substantial pile of coal fitted to many Fletcher, Jennings class locomotive! Working quarry and Railway first Hoffman kilns in the manufacture of cement stood! Mishap, no to join Smith in the terminal decline stage constructed in the battery... Station serves the village of Betchworth in Surrey via Great Western Railway trains the historical... Via Redhill 17 chains measured from London Charing Cross via Redhill where the driver received his instructions Captain... Inside the narrow shed, with the main entrance to the site with the next downward journey ]. Originally, the grey Chalk was quarried underground at the end it becomes North! First Hoffman kilns in England that burned limestone in a derelict condition when it was to! In winter months, particularly following prolonged heavy rain, the railways became objects of curiosity and antiquarian.... And represent the best routes to Hartsfield manor, Betchworth, Dorking class E locomotive and suggestions “!
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